Crime and Legal Authority in London, 1780–1840
Andrew T. Harris
“This book is a significant addition to the knowledge and understanding of not only the policing of London but also of shifts in policing strategies and personnel in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries more generally. Harris exhaustively mines the City of London archives, using previously ignored sources to marshal his fresh argument about the London police.” —Clive Emsley, Open University
“The history of policing in London and England has traditionally given the pride of place to the founding of the Metropolitan police in 1829 by Sir Robert Peel. Known by its first address, Scotland Yard had been portrayed as London's first real police force but never included the City of London proper. Harris updates this argument, covering the growth and development of the institutions in the City of London from the 1780s to 1838, a crucial period for the development of both the concept and practice of police. Although this is a fairly specialized monograph, Harris's formidable archival research which reveals fascinating new information about how modern policing evolved out of local practice and leadership, will be essential reading for anyone interested in the history of London in particular or criminal justice writ large.” —Elaine Reynolds, William Jewell College
In Policing the City, Harris seeks to explain the transformation of criminal justice, particularly the transformation of policing, between the 1780s and 1830s in the City of London. As utilitarian legal reformers argued that criminal deterrence ought to be based on certain and rational punishment rather than random execution, they also had to control the discretionary authority of enforcement. This meant in theory and practice the centralization of policing in the 1830s, and the end of local policing, which was seen as corrupt, inefficient, and unsuitable for rational criminal justice. Revolutionary changes in policing began locally, however, in the 1780s. Such local changes preceded and inspired national reforms, and local policing up to the centralizing measures of the 1830s remained dynamic, responsive, and locally accountable right until its demise. Anxiety about policing had as much to do with the social origins of the police as it did about the origins of criminality, and control over the discretionary authority of watchmen and constables played a larger role in criminal justice reform than the nature of crime. The national, metropolitan, and City police reforms of the late 1830s were thus the culmination of a contentious argument over the meanings of justice, efficiency, and order, rather than its beginning. Harris's evidence reveals how what we've come to think of as “modern”policing evolved out of local practice and reflects shifts in wider debates about crime, justice, and discretionary authority.
Andrew T. Harris is associate professor of history
and director of the honors program at Bridgewater State College.
History of crime, British history, Victorian studies, urban studies
248 pp. 6 x 9 4 illus.
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|History of Crime and Criminal Justice|