Manhood, Citizenship, and the National Guard

Illinois, 1870–1917

Eleanor L. Hannah

“Eleanor Hannah wisely places the Illinois Guard firmly in the life of the state’s cities and towns. An effective history of a state militia force must go to its roots, that is, to home stations of its individual companies, battalions, and regiments. Hannah’s research is superb and wide-ranging, ensuring that the entire ING is examined, from Chicago to downstate.” —Jerry Cooper, professor emeritus of history, University of Missouri-St. Louis.

During the Gilded Age and the Progressive Era, thousands upon thousands of American men devoted their time and money to the creation of an unsought—and in some quarters unwelcome—revived state militia. In this book, Eleanor L. Hannah studies the social history of the National Guard, focusing on issues of manhood and citizenship as they relate to the rise of the state militias.

In brief, the National Guard of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries is best interpreted as one of a host of associations and organizations that American men of those eras devised to help them negotiate their location and purpose in the strange new world of industrial capitalism. The National Guards brought men from a wide array of regions, ethnicities, races, and economic backgrounds together in a single organization. These men were united by a shared understanding of ideal manhood and civic responsibility that could be expressed through membership in a state militia.

Once committed to the power of the word and the image evoked by the term “soldier” to bring diverse men together in one common bond, the men who volunteered their time and money had to give soldiering their serious attention. By 1900 a commitment to soldiering that was founded on shared social needs took on a life of its own and refocused National Guard members on an individualized, technical, professional military training—on a new kind of manhood for a new age.

The implications of this book are far-reaching, for it offers historians a fresh look at a long-ignored group of men and unites social and cultural history to explore changing notions of manhood and citizenship during years of frenetic change in the American landscape.

Eleanor Hannah is assistant professor of history at University of Minnesota Duluth.

Jan 2007
History/United States/Midwest
304 pp. 6x9

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