A comprehensive study of the illustrations that John Tenniel drew for Lewis Carroll’s two “Alice” books; revised with six new chapters.
“Michael Hancher’s significantly updated and revised study of the collaboration between John Tenniel and Lewis Carroll on the creation and production of the “Alice” books is essential reading for scholars in Book History, Victorian Studies, and Children’s Literature. Given Hancher’s meticulous eye for detail, I think even Carroll would approve” —Jan Susina, Illinois State University
Lewis Carroll’s two Alice books are among the most popular works of English literature thanks in part to the ninety-two indelible illustrations that John Tenniel drew for them. The Tenniel Illustrations to the “Alice” Books situates their outstanding success in several historical contexts, including Tenniel’s career as a leading artist for Punch magazine.
This new edition also pays special attention to the material circumstances that enabled and conditioned the printing of the illustrations. The original twelve chapters have been revised and updated throughout, drawing on archival and published resources made available in recent decades. Six chapters are entirely new, explaining how Tenniel’s drawings were professionally hand-engraved on wood blocks; how electrotype replicas were made from those blocks; and what problems could mar the commercial printing of such images—as notoriously happened in the first printing of Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, which Carroll suppressed on Tenniel’s advice. Also considered for the first time here are the coloring of Tenniel’s black-and-white illustrations, by Tenniel and other artists, and the extraordinary treatment later given to Tenniel’s illustrations by the prestigious Limited Editions Club.
Michael Hancher is Professor of English at the University of Minnesota.
List of Illustrations
Preface to the Second Edition
Preface to the First Edition
Chapter 1 Punch and Alice: Through Tenniel’s Looking-Glass
Chapter 2 The Carroll Illustrations
Chapter 3 “Look at the Frontispiece”
Chapter 4 The Lineage of the Ugly Duchess
Chapter 5 Sign of Madness: Shakespeare to Tenniel
Chapter 6 Alice and the Queen of Spades
Chapter 7 The Invention of the White Knight
Chapter 8 The Descent of the Jabberwock
Chapter 9 “Looking-Glass Insects”
Chapter 10 Carroll and Tenniel in Collaboration
Chapter 11 Illustration and Difference
Chapter 12 Coordinating Text and Illustration
Chapter 13 Engraving
Chapter 14 Electrotyping
Chapter 15 Printing
Chapter 16 Coloring
Chapter 17 Re-engraving
Chapter 18 Retrospect: Looking with Alice
The Humours Of Parliament
Harry Furniss’s View Of Late-Victorian Political Culture
Edited and With an Introduction by Gareth Cordery and Joseph S. Meisel