Book Cover

The Political Economy of Stigma

HIV, Memoir, Medicine, and Crip Positionalities

Ally Day

212 pp. 6 x 9
Pub Date: September, 2021

Subjects: Disability Studies
Gender & Sexuality Studies
Cultural Studies

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“In this groundbreaking book, Day builds on and extends key conversations about audience reception and reaction to memoir, motivations for reading and writing disabled lives, and the operation and maintenance of intersectional disability stigma. It is a must-read for scholars interested in life writing, textual circulation, disability studies, and humanistic approaches to medicine.” —Stephanie L. Kerschbaum, author of Toward a New Rhetoric of Difference

“This new theorization of stigma in relation to political economy is an important contribution to disability and crip studies, to literary studies, and to health humanities. Its innovative methods and its new concepts of ‘diagnostic’ and ‘differential reading’ are sure to stimulate discussion in these fields.” —Olivia Banner, author of Communicative Biocapitalism: The Voice of the Patient in Digital Health and the Health Humanities

In The Political Economy of Stigma, Ally Day offers a compelling critique of neoliberal medical practices in the US by coupling an analysis of HIV memoir with a critical examination of narrative medicine practice. Using insights from feminist disability studies and crip theory, Day argues that stories of illness and disability—such as HIV memoirs—operate within a political economy of stigma, which she defines as the formal and informal circulation of personal illness and disability narratives that benefits some while hindering others. On the one hand, this system decreases access to appropriate medical care for those with chronic conditions by producing narratives of personal illness that frame one’s relationship to structural inequality as a result of personal failure. On the other hand, the political economy of stigma rewards those who procure such narratives and circulate them for public consumption.

The political economy of stigma is theorized from three primary research sites: a reading group with women living with HIV, a reading group with AIDS service workers, and participant observation research and critical close reading of practices in narrative medicine. Ultimately, it is the women living with HIV who provide an alternative way to understand disability and illness narratives, a practice of differential reading that can challenge stigmatizing tropes and reconceptualize the creation, reception, and circulation of patient memoir.

Author photo

Ally Day is Associate Professor at the University of Toledo. (Photo credit: Lee Fearnside)

Contents

Acknowledgments

Introduction    Disability, HIV, and the Political Economy of Stigma


Part I   The Neoliberalizing of Narrative

Chapter 1        The Political Economy of Stigma and the Production of Memoir

Chapter 2        Writing Labor, Writing Privilege in HIV Memoir


Part II  The Privilege of Privacy

Chapter 3        Diagnostic Reading and the Limits of Disability Memoir

Chapter 4        Privacy, Bioethics, and Narrative Medicine


Part III Beyond the Parallel Chart

Chapter 5        Work, Disclosure, and the HIV Origin Story

Chapter 6        Power, Resistance, and Differential Reading Practices


Conclusion      Disability, Debility, and Reading for Unruly Subjectivity

Pandemic Postscript

Appendix A    Reading Group Bibliography

Appendix B     Reading Group Discussion Guidelines

Works Cited

Index

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